Non-Biopsy Serology-Based Diagnosis of Celiac Disease in Adults Is Accurate with Different Commercial Kits and Pre-Test Probabilities

Non-Biopsy Serology-Based Diagnosis of Celiac Disease in Adults Is Accurate with Different Commercial Kits and Pre-Test Probabilities

Non-Biopsy Serology-Based Diagnosis of Celiac Disease in Adults Is Accurate with Different Commercial Kits and Pre-Test Probabilities

Non-biopsy prognosis of celiac illness is feasible in kids with anti-transglutaminase 2 antibodies (TGA) > 10× the higher restrict of regular (ULN) and constructive anti-endomysial antibodies (EMA). Related standards have been instructed for adults, however proof with completely different TGA assays is scarce. We in contrast the efficiency of 4 TGA exams within the prognosis of celiac illness in cohorts with various pre-test possibilities.

Serum samples from 836 adults with both scientific suspicion or household threat of celiac illness had been examined with 4 industrial TGA assays, EmA and celiac disease-associated genetics. The prognosis was set primarily based on duodenal lesion or, in some instances, utilizing particular strategies. 137 (57%) sufferers with scientific suspicion and 85 (14%) of these with household threat had celiac illness. Optimistic predictive worth (PPV) for 10×ULN was 100% in every TGA check.

The primary non-diagnostic investigations had been encountered with ULN 1.0×-5.1× within the scientific cohort and 1.3×-4.9× within the household cohort, respectively. Utilizing the assays’ personal cut-offs (1×ULN) the PPVs ranged 84-100%. Serology-based prognosis of celiac illness was correct in adults utilizing completely different industrial kits and pre-test possibilities utilizing 10×ULN. The outcomes additionally counsel that the ULN threshold for biopsy-omitting method could possibly be decrease.

A blueprint for tutorial labs to provide SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR check kits

Widespread testing for the presence of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 in people stays very important for controlling the COVID-19 pandemic previous to the appearance of an efficient therapy. Challenges in testing will be traced to an preliminary scarcity of provides, experience and/or instrumentation essential to detect the virus by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain response (RT-qPCR), probably the most sturdy, delicate, and particular assay presently out there. Right here we present that educational biochemistry and molecular biology laboratories geared up with applicable experience and infrastructure can replicate commercially out there SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR check kits and backfill pipeline shortages.
The Georgia Tech COVID-19 Take a look at Package Help Group, composed of college, employees, and trainees throughout the biotechnology quad at Georgia Institute of Expertise, synthesized multiplexed primers and probes and formulated a grasp combine composed of enzymes and proteins produced in-house. Our in-house package compares favorably to a industrial product used for diagnostic testing. We additionally developed an environmental testing protocol to readily monitor surfaces throughout numerous campus laboratories for the presence of SARS-CoV-2. Our blueprint ought to be readily reproducible by analysis groups at different establishments, and our protocols could also be modified and tailored to allow SARS-CoV-2 detection in additional resource-limited settings.

Progress on the scaling up of HIV checking in South Africa by means of various distribution fashions utilizing the oral HIV self-check package

Self-Testing for HIV (HIVST) was accredited as further testing modality by the WHO in December 2016. The South African Nationwide Division of Well being has adopted these tips and has sanctioned the evaluation of assorted testing modalities to scale up HIV testing in response to the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets. HIV self-tests are focused at reaching rare, under-tested and high-risk populations.
Herewith, we current the progress to this point on the testing of assorted fashions of distribution by means of private and non-private sector initiatives. The oral check, known as OraQuick HIV1/2, was the primary check to be WHO Pre-Certified for HIVST. By way of the STAR Initiative, implementers have distributed oral HIVST kits to major recipients (end-users) and secondary distribution (to networks/companions) between January 2018 and August 2019. Fashions of distribution within the public sector embody community- and facility-based distribution which goal excessive prevalence areas, excessive quantity transport hubs and different services by means of which goal teams will be reached.
Non-Biopsy Serology-Based Diagnosis of Celiac Disease in Adults Is Accurate with Different Commercial Kits and Pre-Test Probabilities
Within the non-public sector, now we have focused workplaces, non-public pharmacies and ready rooms of well being professionals. For the interval underneath evaluate on this article, 1 231 138 had been distributed. Comply with-up of customers is thru digital platforms comparable to WhatsApp, Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) and progressive internet functions. Progress has been regular, and the complete outcomes of the STAR programme are anticipated by the top of 2020 as soon as all exams have been distributed.

The Stimulus Response of [email protected]/GMP ICPs: In the direction of Colorimetric Sensing of Anthrax Biomarker with Double Ratiometric Fluorescence and Its Espresso Ring Take a look at Package for Level-of-Use Utility

On this work, by totally exploring the stimulus response of infinite coordination polymer nanoparticles (ICPs) and by profiting from the actual optical properties of ICP visitor tetra(4-sulfophenyl)ethene (TPE-TS) with adjustable monomer emission (ME) and aggregation-induced emission (AIE), we demonstrated a novel sensing mechanism for Anthrax biomarker dipicolinic acid (DPA) primarily based on the aggressive coordination interplay regulating the construction of [email protected]/GMP ICPs.
The double ratiometric fluorescence stemming from triple response of [email protected]/GMP ICPs with out spectral cross interference (ME and AIE from TPE-TS and sensitized emission from Eu/DPA) and a corresponding blue-to-red fluorescent coloration change which not solely benefited the direct detection of DPA with excessive sensitivity and selectivity, but in addition supplied an important alternative to understand real-time monitoring of DPA launched by Bacillus subtilis spores.

Monkeypox Virus Real Time PCR Kit

ZD-0076-01 25 tests/kit Ask for price
Description: Monkeypox virus is the virus that causes the disease monkeypox in both humans and animals. Monkeypox virus is an Orthopoxvirus, a genus of the family Poxviridae that contains other viral species that target mammals. The virus is mainly found in tropical rainforest regions of central and West Africa. The primary route of infection is thought to be contact with the infected animals or their bodily fluids. The genome is not segmented and contains a single molecule of linear double-stranded DNA, 185000 nucleotides long. The Monkeypox Virus real time PCR Kit contains a specific ready-to-use system for the detection of the Monkeypox Virusthrough polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the real-time PCR system. The master contains reagents and enzymes for the specific amplification of the Monkeypox Virus DNA. Fluorescence is emitted and measured by the real time systems ́ optical unit during the PCR. The detection of amplified Monkeypox Virus DNA fragment is performed in fluorimeter channel 530nm with the fluorescent quencher BHQ1. DNA extraction buffer is available in the kit and serum or lesion exudate samples are used for the extraction of the DNA. In addition, the kit contains a system to identify possible PCR inhibition by measuring the 560nm fluorescence of the internal control (IC). An external positive control defined as 1×10^7 copies/ml is supplied which allow the determination of the gene load.

Monkeypox Virus Real Time PCR Kit

ZD-0076-02 25 tests/kit Ask for price
Description: Monkeypox virus is the virus that causes the disease monkeypox in both humans and animals. Monkeypox virus is an Orthopoxvirus, a genus of the family Poxviridae that contains other viral species that target mammals. The virus is mainly found in tropical rainforest regions of central and West Africa. The primary route of infection is thought to be contact with the infected animals or their bodily fluids.The genome is not segmented and contains a single molecule of linear double-stranded DNA, 185000 nucleotides long.The Monkeypox Virus real time PCR Kit contains a specific ready-to-use system for the detection of the Monkeypox Virusthrough polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the real-time PCR system. The master contains reagents and enzymes for the specific amplification of theMonkeypox VirusDNA. Fluorescence is emitted and measured by the real time systems ́ optical unit during the PCR. The detection of amplified Monkeypox Virus DNA fragment is performed in fluorimeter channelFAM with the fluorescent quencher BHQ1. DNA extraction buffer is available in the kit and serum or lesion exudate samples are used for the extraction of the DNA. In addition, the kit contains a system to identify possible PCR inhibition by measuring the HEX/VIC/JOE fluorescence of the internal control (IC). An external positive control defined as 1×107copies/ml is supplied which allow the determination of the gene load.

MDV Real-Time PCR Kit

PD65-06 96t
EUR 1864.32
Description: Please check the datasheet of MDV Real-Time PCR Kit before using the test.

ALV Real-Time PCR Kit

PD65-15 96t
EUR 2069.28
Description: Please check the datasheet of ALV Real-Time PCR Kit before using the test.

hsa-mir-521 Real-time RT-PCR Detection Kit

20-abx097600
  • EUR 661.20
  • EUR 944.40
  • EUR 477.60
  • 100 rxns
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

M-PCR-156L 960 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 900.68
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

M-PCR-156S 192 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 225.3
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

Novel Coronavirus COVID-19 (2019-nCoV) Real Time RT-PCR Kit

RR-0478-02 25 tests/kit
EUR 1189.2
Description: Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Real Time RT-PCR Kit is used for the qualitative detection of a novel coronavirus, which was identified in 2019 at Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, in upper respiratory tract specimens (nasopharyngeal extracts, deep cough sputum, etc.) and lower respiratory tract specimens (alveoli irrigation fluid, etc.) by real time PCR systems.

Measles Virus One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-H639-100R 100T
EUR 1932

Measles Virus One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-H639-150R 150T
EUR 2646

Measles Virus One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-H639-50R 50T
EUR 1410

0,1ML THIN WALL TUBES 8 PER STRIP. CLEAR & REAL TIME STRIP CAPS

PCR-0108-LP-RT-C 125/pk
EUR 850.8
Description: PCR Plates & Tubes; PCR Strip Tubes and Strip Caps - Axygen

0,1ML THIN WALL TUBES 8 PER STRIP. WHITE & REAL TIME STRIP CAPS

PCR-0108-LP-RT-W 125/pk
EUR 924
Description: PCR Plates & Tubes; PCR Strip Tubes and Strip Caps - Axygen

hsa-mir-521 Real-Time RT-PCR Detection and U6 Calibration Kit

20-abx097601
  • EUR 878.40
  • EUR 1245.60
  • EUR 627.60
  • 100 rxns
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns

TurboQ Real-time PCR Machine with Laptop

MOL2700 EACH
EUR 30805.08

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

M-PCR-173L 960 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 789.36
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

M-PCR-173S 192 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 197.34
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

Virus Zika RT PCR kit

RTq-H434-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Virus Zika RT PCR kit

RTq-H434-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Virus Zika RT PCR kit

RTq-H434-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Dengue virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H451-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Dengue virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H451-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Dengue virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H451-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Rubella virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H481-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Rubella virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H481-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Rubella virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H481-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Chikungunya virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H525-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Chikungunya virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H525-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Chikungunya virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H525-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Mumps Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H640-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Mumps Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H640-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Mumps Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-H640-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Uukuniemi virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V056-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Uukuniemi virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V056-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Uukuniemi virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V056-50R 50T
EUR 946.8

Reticuloendotheliosis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V061-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Reticuloendotheliosis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V061-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Reticuloendotheliosis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V061-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Distemper virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V111-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Distemper virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V111-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Distemper virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V111-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Pseudorabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V123-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Pseudorabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V123-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Pseudorabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V123-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Cowpox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V173-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Cowpox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V173-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Cowpox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V173-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Akabane virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V267-100R 100T
EUR 860.4

Akabane virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V267-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Akabane virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V267-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Irido virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V288-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Irido virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V288-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Irido virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V288-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Mourilyan virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V291-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Mourilyan virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V291-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Mourilyan virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V291-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Schmallenberg virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V319-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Schmallenberg virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V319-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Schmallenberg virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V319-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Ectromelia virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V330-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Ectromelia virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V330-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Ectromelia virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V330-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

K Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V365-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

K Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V365-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

K Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V365-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Sialodacryoadenitis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V370-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Sialodacryoadenitis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V370-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Sialodacryoadenitis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V370-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Sendai virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V374-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Sendai virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V374-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Sendai virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V374-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Junin Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V388-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Junin Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V388-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Junin Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V388-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Machupo Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V389-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Machupo Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V389-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Machupo Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V389-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Lassa virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V390-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Lassa virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V390-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Lassa virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V390-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Guanarito virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V391-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Guanarito virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V391-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Guanarito virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V391-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Sabia Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V392-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Sabia Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V392-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Sabia Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V392-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Ecephalomyocarditis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V394-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Ecephalomyocarditis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V394-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Ecephalomyocarditis virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V394-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Visna virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V634-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Visna virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V634-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Visna virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V634-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Swinepox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V727-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Swinepox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V727-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Swinepox virus RT PCR kit

RTq-V727-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

Kemerovo virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH057-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Kemerovo virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH057-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Kemerovo virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH057-50R 50T
EUR 946.8

Lipovnik virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH058-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Lipovnik virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH058-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Lipovnik virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH058-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Rabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH113-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Rabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH113-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Rabies Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH113-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Nipah virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH139-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Nipah virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH139-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Nipah virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH139-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Norwalk virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH262-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Norwalk virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH262-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Norwalk virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH262-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Hanta Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH373-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Hanta Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH373-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Hanta Virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH373-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Seoul virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH395-100R 100T
EUR 1573.2

Seoul virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH395-150R 150T
EUR 2144.4

Seoul virus RT PCR kit

RTq-VH395-50R 50T
EUR 1155.6

Akabane virus PCR kit

PCR-V267-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Akabane virus PCR kit

PCR-V267-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Irido virus PCR kit

PCR-V288-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Irido virus PCR kit

PCR-V288-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Mourilyan virus PCR kit

PCR-V291-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Mourilyan virus PCR kit

PCR-V291-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Schmallenberg virus PCR kit

PCR-V319-48R 50T
EUR 813.6

Schmallenberg virus PCR kit

PCR-V319-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Ectromelia virus PCR kit

PCR-V330-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Ectromelia virus PCR kit

PCR-V330-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

K Virus PCR kit

PCR-V365-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

K Virus PCR kit

PCR-V365-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Sialodacryoadenitis virus PCR kit

PCR-V370-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Sialodacryoadenitis virus PCR kit

PCR-V370-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Sendai virus PCR kit

PCR-V374-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Sendai virus PCR kit

PCR-V374-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Junin Virus PCR kit

PCR-V388-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Junin Virus PCR kit

PCR-V388-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Machupo Virus PCR kit

PCR-V389-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Machupo Virus PCR kit

PCR-V389-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Lassa virus PCR kit

PCR-V390-48R 50T
EUR 813.6

Lassa virus PCR kit

PCR-V390-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Guanarito virus PCR kit

PCR-V391-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Guanarito virus PCR kit

PCR-V391-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Sabia Virus PCR kit

PCR-V392-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Sabia Virus PCR kit

PCR-V392-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Ecephalomyocarditis virus PCR kit

PCR-V394-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Ecephalomyocarditis virus PCR kit

PCR-V394-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Visna virus PCR kit

PCR-V634-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Visna virus PCR kit

PCR-V634-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Swinepox virus PCR kit

PCR-V727-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Swinepox virus PCR kit

PCR-V727-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Kemerovo virus PCR kit

PCR-VH057-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Kemerovo virus PCR kit

PCR-VH057-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Lipovnik virus PCR kit

PCR-VH058-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Lipovnik virus PCR kit

PCR-VH058-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Rabies Virus PCR kit

PCR-VH113-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Rabies Virus PCR kit

PCR-VH113-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Nipah virus PCR kit

PCR-VH139-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Nipah virus PCR kit

PCR-VH139-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Norwalk virus PCR kit

PCR-VH262-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Norwalk virus PCR kit

PCR-VH262-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Hanta Virus PCR kit

PCR-VH373-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Hanta Virus PCR kit

PCR-VH373-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Seoul virus PCR kit

PCR-VH395-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Seoul virus PCR kit

PCR-VH395-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Virus Zika PCR kit

PCR-H434-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Virus Zika PCR kit

PCR-H434-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Dengue virus PCR kit

PCR-H451-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Dengue virus PCR kit

PCR-H451-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6
Moreover, the espresso ring deposition patterns on check paper had been innovatively tuned by the amount and morphology adjustments of [email protected]/GMP ICPs throughout their stimulus response in direction of DPA, which could possibly be exploited as expanded sign channels. By integrating a multi-channel responsive espresso ring check package with picture recognition and processing software put in on smart-phones, point-of-use evaluation of DPA could possibly be realized in a low-cost and high-throughput style.

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